Archive for September, 2008

09*29

September 29, 2008

Today We did the Site Study. What we analysis are basically the circulation of the site, the landscape of the site and relationship of the site and the surrounding buildings.

Here is our gourp statement:

Orthogonal shrubs set in secluded zones.

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2008*West Coast GREEN (Part ONE)

September 27, 2008

Today I went to the 2008 West Coast GREEN show in San Jose Convention Center. I was so exciting to see the showhouse especially because I went to the West Coast GREEN show last year and it was so great. The Showhouse was designed by LAWRENCE Group. It named SG BLOCKS harbinger House.

This Showhouse is a spectacular and visionary example of innovative and affordable residential design. Literally, at its core, the 1,700 sq.ft two-story home is made of reused shiping containers, a living example of Value-Cycling, the act of taking a product that has fulfilled a primary purpose and finding another use for it without spending significant new energy and resources to convert it to another use. Every aspect of the home’s design, material selection and features were considered to assure the home’s Green Point and LEED for Homes honorary certification.

I think this Harbinger is so awesome. I like the structure, the form of the house. Especially it was made by all the green materials. I will talk about more new products I learn today in the later posts.

Here are some pictures I took for the Harbinger House.

This is Me and the Showhouse exterior.

This is the Master Bedroom. There are 3 big windows in the Master Bedroom. The views must be great at night. The air easily come in and out. I think that’s very nice design.

This is the Living Area.

This is Kitchen. The Kitchen connect to the Living Room. Again, I think it did a very good job on saving energy because it does not need to much lighting in a room.

This is the Balcony. Although it is very interesting that placing the sofa outside, but I guess it can’t apply to outside until it set up the canopy.

09*22

September 22, 2008

“SITE”

Today we watched the Documentary called “Rivers and Tides – working with Time” which was created by Andy Goldsworthy.

It was so interesting to see how Andy description on site and the use of space for his designs. I have done lots of the site analysis in Arch 24 and Arch 25. As an architect, it is very important to do a site study before making any design. Because our buildings are built on the site, we could not ignore it.

Here are the things I dropped down from the documentary.

The relationship between Water and the Stone, River and the Sea.

Understand the materials.

The plant and the Earth (relationship)

Movement (river, stone, wall)

My conclusion: In my exploration, I think one of the main concerns on site study is people, the circulation of the people. The relationship between the people and the buildings and the sites.

Assignment*2

September 16, 2008

Fibonacci, Leonardo of Pisa

Leonardo of Pisa was born in Pisa, Italy in 1170. He was considered as “the most talented mathematician of the Middle Ages.”  He invented the Fibonacci Sequence. The Fibonacci Sequence of numbers means each number after the first two is the sum of the previous precious two numbers. As my point of view, I think it creates parrtens. 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89…

The higher up in the sequence, the closer two consecutive numbers of the sequence divided by each other will approach the Golden Ratio which I think is significant. The Golden Ratio can apply to any of arts. Many artists and architects have proportioned their works to approximate the Golden Ratio. The Golden Ratio is approximately 1.6180339887.

The golden section is a line segment sectioned into two according to the golden ratio. The total length a+b is to the longer segment a as a is to the shorter segment b.

The golden section number is closely connected with the Fibonacci series and has a value of (sqr5 + 1)/2

Golden Proportion,

0

1

1

2

3

5

8

13

21

34

55

89

etc.

One of the most spectacular examples of the Fibonacci Series in nature is in the head of the sunflower.
Scientists have measured the number of spirals in the sunflower head. They found, not only one set of short spirals going clockwise from the centre, but also another set of longer spirals going anti clockwise, These two beautiful sinuous spirals of the sun flower head reveal the astonishing double connection with the Fibonacci series.

More examples like,

Assignment*2

September 15, 2008

Here are the drawing I response to the research i did for Fibonacci

The Sunflowers are the Golden Section in Nature

The patrhenon is also the Golden Section

09*15

September 15, 2008

GEOMETRY

Today, we discussed the Geometry in process the architecture design. I have finished arch 24 and 24 last year. Mapping plays one of the main role in design.

i, making observation, putting in perspective for understanding

ii, map as a metaphor, “Nothing can remain immense if it can be measured.”

iii, Geometric sacle used to give meaning to maps, help us visualize and conceptualize.

iv, Constrains can inspire artist to be creative in new ways. Literature has structure – form – constraints – creativity.

v, Realism vs Postrealism

vi, The way we look at thing is not natural. You don’t lose when you restrict, you gain. That’s true of all Arts. Perspective is a distortion of Reality. A image can imply reality.

09*08

September 8, 2008

“OBSERVE”

On today’s Arch 48 Class, we discussed about the topic of observation of architecture. I think Architecture Experience is significant important to a building. How people might experience the buildings is one of the major concern when we design a building. It is the relationship between people and the building, and also it is the relationship between the building and the site.

We had compared the HARD and the SOFT. I think ceramic could be categorize to Hard and Soft. When the ceramic formed with the square-tpye, that is Hard. But, with the curvilinear shape, it could consider as soft.

For the reading Experiencing Architecture, I think there are lot of phrasees are improtant.

“Architecture is not produced simply by adding plans and sections to elevations. it is something else and something more… it must be experienced.”

Assignment*1

September 8, 2008

Hard & Soft drawings

This is Hard. I think all the materials with hard surface are considered HARD. like buildings, bridges etc.

On the other hand, like this drawing- tree. I think it is SOFT.

Jin Mao Tower * SHANGHAI

September 6, 2008

Today I watched the Discovery Channel. It talks about the architecture in Shanghai, China.

Being the fourth tallest building of the world and the second tallest building in China, Jin Mao Tower is located in the center of Lujiazui Finance and Trade Districts in Pudong. Jin Mao Tower can be conveniently accessed from either Puxi (the area west of the Hungpu River) by taking the tunnel (travel time is about two minutes) or the Hongqiao and Pudong International Airports (travel time is about 30 minutes) by car. Along with the Oriental Pearl Tower, it is a centerpiece of the Pudong skyline. It was surpassed on September 14, 2007 by the Shanghai World Financial Center.

The 88-stories Jin Mao Tower was completed in 1999. It is 420.5 meters (almost 1380 feet) tall and covers an area of 2.3 hectares (5.68 acres). The architect, Adrian D. Smith, of this skyscraper ingeniously combined the elements of traditional Chinese culture with the newest architectural styles of the time, which makes Jin Mao Tower one of the best-constructed buildings in China.

This building includes modern offices, a deluxe 5-star hotel – the Grand Hyatt Shanghai, exhibition halls, banquet halls, an observation deck, and entertainment facilities which is situated in the following levels: the 1st and 2nd floors form an imposing and bright lobby of the business area; the 3rd to the 50th floors are occupied by office spaces; the 51st and 52nd floors are the mechanical and electrical facilities center, which are restricted for the tower’s working staff; the 53rd to 87th floors are reserved for the deluxe Grand Hyatt Hotel of which, the 86th floor houses a club exclusive for the hotel guests and the 87th floor lodges the hotel restaurant; and, the 88th floor-the highest floor, is reserved for the tower’s observation deck, which can hold 1000 people at any one time.

The tower has the best elevators available. Two direct elevators operate at the speed of 9.1 meters (nearly 30 feet) per second that can send visitors from the ground floor to the 88th floor for only 45 seconds. There are also five to six elevators every 10 floors, which reduce waiting-time to 35 seconds even during rush hours.

The tower has an annex building 6-stories high which houses the exhibition halls, conference rooms, multi-function halls, grand banquet halls and a recreational center.

The basement of the tower is a parking area 3 stories deep, which can hold 800 cars and 2000 bicycles. The parking area is equipped with 360-degree surveillance cameras as a security feature of the building.

It was designed by the Chicago office of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. Its postmodern form, whose complexity rises as it ascends, draws on traditional Chinese architecture such as the tiered pagoda, gently stepping back to create a rhythmic pattern as it rises. Like the PETRONAS Towers in Malaysia, the building’s proportions revolve around the number 8, associated with prosperity in Chinese culture. The 88 floors (93 if the spire floors are counted) are divided into 16 segments, each of which is 1/8th shorter than the 16-story base. The tower is built around an octagon-shaped concrete shear wall core surrounded by 8 exterior composite super columns and 8 exterior steel columns. Three sets of 8 two-story high outrigger trusses connect the columns to the core at six of the floors to provide additional support.

The foundations rest on 1,062 high-capacity steel piles driven 83.5 m deep in the ground to compensate for poor upper-strata soil conditions. At the time those were the longest steel piles ever used in a land-based building. The piles are capped by a 4 m-thick concrete raft 19.6 m underground. The basement’s surrounding slurry wall is 1 m thick, 36 m high and 568 m long, and composed of 20,500 m³ of reinforced concrete.

The building employs an advanced structural engineering system which fortifies it against typhoon winds of up to 200 km/h (with the top swaying by a maximum of 75 cm) and earthquakes of up to 7 on the Richter scale. The steel shafts have shear joints that act as shock absorbers to cushion the lateral forces imposed by winds and quakes, and the swimming pool on the 57th floor is said to act as a passive damper.

The exterior curtain wall is made of glass, stainless steel, aluminum, and granite, and is criss-crossed by complex latticework cladding made of aluminum alloy pipes.

Official dedication was August 28, 1998, a date also chosen with the number 8 in mind. The building was fully operational in 1999.

The Jin Mao Tower is owned by the China Jin Mao Group Co. Ltd (formerly China Shanghai Foreign Trade Centre Co. Ltd). It reportedly has a daily maintenance cost of 1 million RMB (US$121,000).

source from wiki and travelchina